Narcissistic Personality Disorder Symptoms

narcissistic personality disorder symptoms

What is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?

Nacrissistic Personality Disorder (or NPD) is a mental disorder of the mind where the person with the disorder thinks about themselves all the time  - usually to the exclusion of everyone and everything else.  Because this person tends to think only of themselves, anyone who tries to gets involved with a narcissist in a meaningful way usually finds themselves in abusive and dysfunctional relationships.

At this time, no one is quite sure what causes a person to develop NPD, but some researchers think it may form during early childhood development where the child was exposed to dysfunctional situations.  The NPD may have formed as a coping mechanism to escape those pains.  The theory continues to state that without learning and developing the proper skills to relate to others, the person carries these mechanisms into adulthood.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Symptoms

There are also several narcissistic personality disorder symptoms.  Below are some of the most common symptoms found in people who have been diagnosed with NPD and an explanation of what each symptom means.

Please note, this is only a very general guideline.  You should never diagnose yourself or others without a proper medical diagnosis by a professional therapist.

Here are some common traits displayed by people with borderline personality disorder.

  • Has an over the top sense of self-importance. – This person exaggerates their achievements.  They tend to talk about themselves and their accomplishments to the exclusion of others.
  • Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love – Although everyone enjoys a good fantasy, the NPD sufferer constantly thinks about these things, sometimes to the point of obsession.  You may hear them constantly talk about success or finding true love, ignoring the simple pleasures around them.
  • Believes that he/she is ‘special’ and ‘unique’ – While each person is unique and special in their own way,  people with NPD see themselves as above or better than the ‘average’ person.
  • Needs excessive attention and admiration - If the people around the narcissist aren’t constantly praising and giving the narcissist attention, they act out or become irritable.
  • Has a strong sense of entitlement. This means the person believes they are ‘owed things.’  For example, most people understand you have to work hard to get a good job.  But NPDs believe they should be handed most things in life because they are ‘special’.


Narcissistic Personality Disorder Test

Because narcissists put on ‘masks’, NPD tests are given by psychiatrists who know what to look for when a person answers the questions.  When taking a narcissistic personality disorder test, it’s important to answer the questions as honestly as possible.  That way you can get as accurate a diagnosis as possible.

Read more about how to handle a person with Narcissistic Personality Disorder

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